Studio 2.8 Journal Articles

United States Freedom of Speech and Freedom of the Press

United States Freedom of Speech and Freedom of the Press

The right to freedom of speech and to freedom of the press have become more important now than ever before. In the United States of America, and in the U.S. States of Washington, Nevada, and others, which are among the locales where Studio 2.8 photography operates, the fundamental and essential rights of: freedom of speech, and freedom of the press; are codified in the both the U.S. Constitution and in the state constitutions of these U.S. States. For example, Article 1 Section 5 of the Washington State Constitution states in part that:

“every person may freely speak, write and publish on all subjects”

Similarly, Article 1 Section 8 of the Nevada Constitution states in pertinent part that:

“Every citizen may freely speak, write and publish his sentiments on all subjects … and no law shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press”.

Both these state constitutional rights clauses expound upon the codification of these foundational and inalienable rights as they exist in the U.S. Constitution’s First Amendment whose relevant portion states that:

“Congress shall make no law ... abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press ...”

These rights, among the numerous inalienable rights that comprise the bedrock of American ethical canon, are also bolstered by Washington State statutory law, wherein WA RCW 5.68.010(5) defines “news media” as:

(a) Any newspaper, magazine or other periodical, book publisher, news agency, wire service, radio or television station or network, cable or satellite station or network, or audio or audiovisual production company, or any entity that is in the regular business of news gathering and disseminating news or information to the public by any means, including, but not limited to, print, broadcast, photographic, mechanical, internet, or electronic distribution;

(b) Any person who is or has been an employee, agent, or independent contractor of any entity listed in (a) of this subsection, who is or has been engaged in bona fide news gathering for such entity, and who obtained or prepared the news or information that is sought while serving in that capacity;

The Washington State statutory clarification of the scope of people and organizations that comprise press and media goes beyond “traditional” media to encompass the many burgeoning and transformative media and press producers that redefine media in current twenty-first century mass communication. Recently, and of great importance, the Ninth Circuit of the Federal Court of Appeals also clarified and affirmed that new media is media/press just as are “traditional” media (newspapers, radio, television), and that these contemporary media forms are constitutionally protected just as are the traditional media and press forms that have been historically in the United States. The name of this important, legal precedent setting, Ninth Circuit ruling is - Obsidian Finance Group, LLC v. Cox, 740 F.3d 1284, 1294 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 134 S.Ct. 2680 (2014). 

The inalienable rights of people and organizations that publish information is under greater threat, and a greater variety of threats, than ever before. Now more than ever, these rights must be valued and protected.

A Beta Release of the New Studio 2.8 Website Has Finally Arrived

A Beta Release of the New Studio 2.8 Website Has Finally Arrived

It is the dawn of a new day, so to speak, for Studio 2.8 photography, and this website. After an intensive software development effort that began last year, but was unexpectedly interrupted, a beta release of the new Studio 2.8 website here are at, has finally arrived. Although the website has existed for many years, this rebuild and relaunch is a very welcome event. Although there is still much more work to complete, to refine many functional and visual details of the new Studio 2.8 website, the site's implementation has reached a stage that should make the site functional enough to use, and to spend time viewing the site's photo galleries. Many of the photographs from the Liberty or Death, and Liberty or Death 2, political rallies are already available in various galleries on the site now.

Meanwhile, there are many additional Studio 2.8 website features and functions yet to come, as additional site development is completed in the coming days, weeks, and months. Among the additional features yet to be fully realized will be multiple types of video galleries, in addition to the two types of photo galleries already implemented. Videos hosted by Studio 2.8 via youtube embedding will be the primary focus of the Studio 2.8 video galleries. In addition, the Studio 2.8 website's advanced content management software engine also makes it possible to integrate videos directly into other content, including journal articles and to display videos as supporting content within the descriptions that are part of the Studio 2.8 galleries of photographs. 

To best display portrait layout photographs and to display landscape layout photographs, each of the photograph layouts, landscape and portrait, has their own dedicated gallery type on the Studio 2.8 website. In addition, one of the features yet to be implemented, but which will be upcoming soon, its post information styling that matches between the landscape and portrait style galleries, as which is also visible on journal articles. There are social media links throughout the Studio 2.8 site. A future Studio 2.8 site update will also include enhanced social media links on the photograph galleries. The social media links on the galleries and journal articles will provide one click posting to social media sites, including both facebook and twitter. 

Most important among the upcoming Studio 2.8 site updates will be the build out of the galleries and their contents to include past photographic and video projects. Also, now that this new infrastructure has been implemented, it should be possible to upload and publish future photo shoots much more quickly. The workflow of photographs through Adobe Lightroom and onto to this new Studio 2.8 website will become much streamlined.

Thank you for visiting the new Studio 2.8 website here at